At the time of the introduction of such a guilty verdict, the plea appears to the Tribunal to be conscious and voluntary. Indeed, most arguments require the accused to be satisfied with defence counsel and that the effect of the admission of guilt and rights, 80 But if the plea itself is based on the ineffective support of counsel in the preparation of the proceedings and the trial of the oral argument, the plea is far from conscious or voluntary.81 Nevertheless , advocacy is far from known or voluntary.81 Nevertheless, the argument is far from knowledge or voluntary. , false confessions and guilty pleas of innocents are unfortunate features of our criminal justice system, and studies show that between six and eight per cent of the accused who were officially exonerated pleaded guilty despite their innocence.71 Christopher Ochoa spoke of the incredible pressure he under to tell a story to the police, and his willingness to say what the police wanted to hear. to end the interrogation. He naively thought that everything would be straightened out later, when he had a lawyer. Trying to discover the damage caused by a false confession is not easy, as Ochoa was discovered. Instead of risking a death sentence, the jury should not believe it in court, ochoa decided, on the advice of his lawyer, not to go to court. Even if defence counsel conducts a thorough investigation, the consultant`s evaluation process will inevitably become subject to considerable uncertainty. As the court said in McMann, “the decision to plead guilty before the evidence often involves the decision to make difficult judgments.” 37 In only a handful of states, defence counsel has the ability to bring it to light up in court38, so counsel generally have only a limited view of the evidence or how it will actually take the stand. The problem is compounded by the fact that many witnesses refuse to be interviewed by defence lawyers or defence investigators. In addition, counsel rarely knows much about the availability of witnesses for trial. Finally, even if a case seems strong on paper, witnesses do not always conduct as expected when they actually testify in court.  The client must be informed of the length of his sentence, his parole and all serious secondary consequences.
The client should also be informed that the right to appeal after a remedy is virtually non-existent. Ineffective support from counsel can occur when a lawyer does not negotiate a plea after the defendant has authorized him to enter into negotiations. It can also occur when a lawyer says imprecisely that they do not face certain consequences, or when a lawyer fails to inform a client of the disadvantages of a particular agreement to encourage them to accept it.  In Cooper, all parties agreed that counsel`s performance was deficient because he “advised the respondent to reject the plea on the ground that he could not be tried in court.” Lafler v. Cooper, 132 pp. Ct. 1376, 1384 (2012). However, the court stated that a “false strategic prediction about the outcome of a trial is not necessarily a poor performance.” Id. to 1391.
Although the matter was not addressed by the court because of the Crown`s concession, it is clear that not all erroneous counsel will be both professionally deficient and prejudicial. See Hill v. Lockhart, 474 U.S. 52, 160 (1985); Premo v. Moore, 131 pp. Ct. 733, 741 (2011). Wiggins v. Wiggins V.
Smith, 539 United States 510, 522 (2003) (referring to the fact that, in Williams, the Court found that counsel had “failed to fulfill its obligation to conduct a thorough investigation into the defendant`s context,” which “failed to identify and present significant mitigating evidence” (citation of Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362, 396 (2000) (internal citation) , which were omitted for the first offer) (internal quotation marks omitted for the first offer) (in anredu Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362, 396 (2000)) (internal quotes omitted for the first offer) ].